Security Safe, ATM and Strongroom Standards
Safes are tested with a wide range of tools and timed to gain access. Depending on the tools used and the time taken, a score is given to each safe which equates to a security grade.
The experience and skill of the tester is very important to the results achieved. For this reason, Eurosafe strongly recommends only certain laboratories and certification marks. Those that have proven their experience and quality over many years, that collaborate and share experience with others and who are certified to ISO/IEC 17025. This ensures that standards are maintained and the latest attack methods are used.
Example testing carried out by Instituto Giordano in Italy.
Certification from a recognised institution that is certified to EN17065 is also very important. The certification body ensures that the testing was carried out in the proper way. Also that the models put into production and sold are of the same level and quality as the models that were tested. Regular audits of production and quality control are made to ensure this.
Eurosafe only supports Certification Bodies and Testing Houses that cooperate with the European Certification Body for Security products (ECBS) and/or European Fire & Security Group (EFSG).
The European standards are reviewed on at least every 5 years. Tool lists and attack methods are updated according to current trends. The current tool list includes modern power tools available on the market. As well as older more traditional tools.
Some of the security levels have optional, additional tests with special tools. Examples of this are the Core Drill (CD), Explosive testing (EX) and tests using a small selection of very new specialised tools (T2).
An explanation of Resistance Units
Each safe undergoing testing to EN14450 & EN1143-1 is given a score in “Resistance Units” or “RU”. This score is calculated based on a formula of the tools used and time taken to gain entry. Bigger and more powerful tools have higher tool points.
For safes a score is given for “Partial Access”. Which is a hole meant to represent the size of a hand. While “Full Access” means that either the door was able to be opened. Or a much larger hole was cut into the body to remove the full contents of the safe.
For strongrooms a score is only given for “Full Access”. Which means that either the door was able to be opened. Or a hole meant to be large enough to crawl through was made in the strongroom wall. Strongrooms must have a minimum internal width and depth of 1m.
The resistance units are a very good way to compare the difference in the Grades of safes. For example a Grade III safe has a full access score of 120RU and a Grade IV has a full access score of 180RU. This means that a Grade IV safe offers 33% more resistance than a Grade III.
Cash Ratings for each member state
Cash and valuables ratings are sometimes also known as insurance ratings. Typically, they are what an insurance company will cover the contents of the safe for overnight. They are an indication of the total value of contents that could be stored in the safe. They are not an indication of the physical size of the safe.
Cash and valuables values vary from country to country. But they also vary by insurance company, by region and by local circumstances. If specific cover is required it is always important to check with your own insurance company. Each will have their own set of requirements.
|KEY - IAS - Intruder Alarm System / EX - Explosion Hampering Resistance / CD - Core Drill Resistance|
|Level / Grade||S1||S2||O||I||II||III||IV||V||VI||VII|
|Austria||210517/15 AB of VSÖ|
|France||Original Source Unknown|
|Germany||LVM in combination with VdS 3134-1|
|With IAS and CD||-||-||-||-||-||-||500||750||1000||1000|
|Hungary||Association of Hungarian Insurance Companies (MABISZ)|
|Ireland||Irish Safes Rating Group|
|Netherlands||Informatiekaart kluizen of VGW|
|Norway||FG-530-1, FG Skadeteknikk|
|Without EX||Without IAS||1000 NOK||-||-||50||100||150||200||500||750||1500||2250|
|With EX||Without IAS||1000 NOK||-||-||-||-||-||-||625||1125||1875||3125|
|Slovenia||Slovenian Insurance Association - no update since 2007|
|Sweden||FTR 1028 of Svensk Försäkring|
|United Kingdom||Association of Insurance Surveyors|